Tank Encyclopedia's Archives

tank afv large logo A sub of Tank Encyclopedia. This is the new archive section, with all former entries, and a search engine.
➀ All single vehicles are accessible by nations and eras in a more consistent and logical way than previously. ADS are needed due to finance better server performances as audience grows. But you can support also it through merchandise here.
➁ New posts weekly. These are mere "entry into matter", for vehicles scheduled on tank-encyclopedia.com, that will be seen in the latter in much more detail. A link from the archive entry will point to the new article when up. There are still circa 2,000 serial armored vehicles to be treated over the years excluding prototypes and paper projects, so tank-afv.com will continue to run until all are treated, and follow the news of armoured vehicles around the world.

☄ About the site name: If a "Tank" is obvious to anyone in this context, "AFV" is an acronym which stands for "Armoured Fighting Vehicle". It is a catch-all definition for all military vehicles armoured (and armed), tracked or wheeled. For soft-skinned vehicles please visit truck-encyclopedia.com. See also The 2015 archive.
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New Entries

♆ 27/05/2024
soviet tanks 2S19 MTSA
The 2S19 Msta-S is a 152.4 mm self-propelled howitzer manufactured by Uraltransmash, entering service in 1989. A radical departure from previous designs, it was the designated successor to the 2S3 Akatsiya. Its chassis was partly based on the T-80, but with the the T-72 diesel engine and a tailored turret with a new 2A64 L47-caliber howitzer capable of 24 km range up to 36 km with rocket-assisted rounds. An estimated 1130 were manufactured until today, production of the 2S19M and of the improved 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV is going on. The vehicle already saw action in the Second Chechen War and in the current Russo-Ukrainian War. It was also exported to 6 countries, mostly successors states.
♆ 23/05/2024
spanish esercito SBS VEC M1 (1980)
Called at first Pegaso BMR-625 VEC, these were not infantry fighting vehicles but reconnaissance Combat Vehicles (Vehículo de Exploración de Caballería) variants of the previous BMR APC from ENASA, Valladolid, with the prototype accepted in 1979. The vehicle was built in 1980-84 and later modernized by Santa Barbara Sistemas as the M1. The initial vehicle had an Italian CT20 turret, alternative to the CT90 (AML-90 turret) and later fixed for the main production to the M242 Bushmaster cannon, in a reworked two-seat turret. From 350 vehicles delivered to the Ejercito, taking part in numerous redeployments abroad, only 153 M1 remains in service today, waiting replacement by the 8x8 dragon program.
us army T19 HMC
♆ 19/05/2024
USA T19 HMC
The T19 Howitzer Motor Carriage (HMC) was a 105 mm (4.1 in) howitzer, mounted on a M3 Half-track chassis, with 342 converted between January 1942 and April 1942 by Diamond. They were used by the US Army alone in World War II as self propelled artillery, making their combat debut after Operation Torch in north Africa. It was defended by an air-cooled .50 in (13 mm) M2 machine gun. It took part also in the Allied invasion of Sicily and the Italian Campaign, ending with the invasion of southern France in August 1944 and soldiering into southern Germany until the end of the war in Europe.
ww1

WW1 Tanks & Armored Cars

Born in the Trenches, when the front became static, the idea of the tank was a resurgence of ...science fiction, when some looked at HG Wells' "land battleships" novel. In UK, development was stirred by Wintson Churchill and the Navy. In France, by an artillery officer, J.B. Estienne. And soon the world took notice. Tanks were rare and few in between still, with grand plans in 1918 that never were realized. When the front was not static, armored cars reigned supreme.

ww2

WW2 Tanks & Armored Cars

In 1939, thanks had nearly two decades to evolve at peacetime rate, though the boiling of new ideas of tactics and combined arms, with some armies more acute of these than any others. Ground combat proved absolute masters of these new ideas, the Wehrmacht, with luck and opposite incompetence. After moving to USSR, the fight moved to Africa, then to Italy and back to Western Europe at large, driving fast-paced innovation in a deadly food chain contest.

cold war

Cold War Armoured Fighting Vehicles

The atomic age started with the opposition of two superpowers, which developed deterrence but at the same time, always considered conventional warfare. Far from peaceful, this second half century, until 1991, saw gradual improvement, with a gap of twenty years before generations, towards 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation main battle tanks and a cohort of armoured personal carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, and many specialized variants, wheeled and tracked.

modern

Modern Armoured Fighting Vehicles

As the recent conflict in Ukraine shows us, the tank is still useful in the frame of a conventional war. However drones unexpectedly showed deadlier as well as artillery. Between 1991 and 2024are we really seeing a radical transformation of ground warfare ? One thing is sure through for all generals: The main battle tank is still king of the battlefield, when well used and accompanied. From city scapes to desert, steppe, rolly hills and mountains, even coming from the sea, the tank adapted and is there to stay.


Upcoming:

Nissan Crocodile Rhodesia 1980s

South Africa: Bosvark, MRAP Samil-50 Kwevoel RV, Ribbok, Wolf, Hippo
Israel: Merkava II, III, IV, M109A5 Doher/Rochev, Magach 5 Golan, M113 Golan/Zelda Toga (IDF service), MAR 290/90, M3 HT in IDF service, M50 AGM launcher, Haviv MLR, Eshel HaYarden , 160mm-Makmat, M2310 shilem
Britain: FV 433/438 swingfire, Lloyd carrier, Vickers Mk.I MBT, Centurion AVRE, Light Mk.IV Colonial Pattern, Light Tank Mk.II, Wasp Carrier, Bren Carrier (update), FV430 Bulldog, FV105 Sultan, FV103 Spartan
USA: M37 HMC, M548, M728 CRV, M37 HMC, M40 155mm HMC, M20 Command car, XM-723 (MICV-70), T12E1-combination-gun-motor-carriage, M15 Combination GMC, M13 MGMC, M12 155mm SPG, M14 MGMC, M17 MGMC, M39 Carrier, T1 Cunningham, M22 Locust, M3 HMC-75mm, M4 sherman flail, Marmon CTLS, Sherman-MkV-Crocodile, M136 VADS, M108 SPG, LAV-300, M113 FIST, M106 MortarCarrier, M577 Command, M730 MIM-72 Chaparral, M103, M110 howitzer
USSR/Russia: 9P148 Konkurs, 2S7M Malka, 9M317 BUK-M2, 9K330 Tor, 1S91-kvardat, 9K37M1 buk-M (SA-17-Grizzly), 2S35 Koalitsiya, Kamaz Typhoon, 9P148, BTT-1, MT-55, 9P157-2_Khrizantema-S, 9P163M-1-Kornet, 2S23-Nona-SVK, 9P148-Konkurs, 9K31-Strela-10, BMO-T, BMP-2M, BPM-97-Vystrel, BTR-T, Ural Typhoon, VPK7829 Bumerang, R-381T-Taran, R-145BM, PTS-II, STZ-5 tractor/BM-13-16(Ni tank), Pioneer(Komomolets), T26T/BNSP reco vehicle/TP26, Ya12 tractor(T60/70), GT-MU soviet airborne APC, GAZ-2330 Tigr
China: Type 63G mod. light tank, VT4, Yitian-SPAAML, PLZ-07, PLZ-52, PGZ-07, PTL-02, Type 63C APC amphib Ukraine ready: BMP-1U, Varta MRAP, BTR-60M Khorunzhy APC , BTR4 MV1, 2S22 Bohdana
And also: TAB-77, LAV-6, GAZ-3937 'Vodnik', M120 Rak (base Rosomak), ShKH vz. 77 DANA, RCH-155, AHS Krab, ShKH Zuzana, Archer, T-155 Fırtına RODEF-4, Pereh-tank-destroyer, T34-D30-SPH, Iranian Rakhsh-APC, Patria II AMV, Light Tank Mark II, Mark III, Spanish AFVs interwar, TAB 77+ B33 Zimbru, Ford Lynx, Rhodesian Crocodile, Serge CDS, Jordan Khalid MBT, Jordan Al Hussein, Leonardo-M60 , wasserwerfer-SK2, BTR-152 vz53 SPAAG, MT-55, BTS-4A, BTS-2, M47M_AVLB, Renault FT command, 370-Recoiless-GunsSPG, TC5000XYB

2024 Announcement

Announcement German Tanks
catalog of tanks

Centennial.
Hundreds of pages, for free

The full catalog: All AFVs of the world by country and eras, 2017 Edition.

armoured trains encyclopedia

Armored Trains.
The New section in development

The same database as for tanks: Railroad networks developed in the XIXth soon found a military use. Before even WWI, train attacks led to armed and armored trains. This had going on for more than a century now. This will cover all WW1, WW2, but also cold war and even recent armoured trains on the long run.

panzerdraisine
15/05/2024 l Panzerdraisine (1942)

As the frontine started to be more static by late 1942, it became vital for the Wehrmacht to protect its communication lines, notably railways, especially when the Russian dirt tracks became quagmires or were clogged by knee-deep winter snow. When trucks failed, trains always went through, but they were often targeted by partisans. By late 1942 it was specified the construction of a family of draisines variants that can be independently used or joined together to create makeshift armoured trains. Here is the first post on a serie dedicated to those.

trucks

Trucks.
Military Trucks and staff cars.

A dedicated section for softskin vehicles, from WWI to this day: Trucks, staff cars, reconnaissance vehicles, and artillery tractors: Truck-Encyclopedia.com.
18.05.2024 The SPA AS.37 was an Italian military light truck of World War II. It was developed from 1937 based on the TL.37 artillery tractor and tailored to carry a crew of three and payload in the North African desert. Compared to the tractor, it had an increased range of 900 km with added water tanks and its total capacity was up to 8 men between its flatbed and cabin. About 802 were manufactured (the Production went from 1938 to 1943), and it was declined into the Autocarro Protetto 37 light armoured personnel carrier variant (200 built, Balkans-Italy). The AS 37 Sahariano was also declined into an heavily armed vehicle.

Older Entries:

Type 95 Kurogane * ZIL-135 * Land Rover 2a LWB SAS * F.N. AS 24 "tricar/trike" * BM-27(9P140) Uragan * Berliet GBC 8 TK (1965) * Ford Taunus (1963) * Fiat 634NM (1933) * Chance vought M561 1+1/4-ton 6x6 "Gama Goat" (1969) * Mercedes L3000 (1938) * BM-13 Katyusha * Fiat SPA CL-39 (1939) * GMC 353 Bofors * Scania T112 (1981) * Isuzu TSD-45 and HTS 11/12 (1960-80) * 9K33 OSA * Caterpillar D7 * Fiat 508 CM * Komintern Tractor * Morris CS8 * M35 series * Krupp Protze * SPA Dovunque 35 * Citroën-Kégresse P17 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter * GAZ-51 * M274 Mule * CMP Chevrolet C60S * Toyota Land Cruiser Prado * Autocarreta OM * OTR-21 Tochka * Leyland Retriever * Studebaker US6 * Breda TP 32 * R380 Hades TEL * JSDGF Trucks * Sd.Kfz.7 * GAZ 63
antitank encyclopedia

The Antitank-Encyclopedia.
All the means to destroy a Tank.

From early antitank cannons and rifles to missiles, mines and RPGs.
Regimental Gun M1927 Regimental Gun M1927
Regimental Gun M1927 28.05.2024: The 76 mm regimental gun M1927 was a Soviet infantry support gun developed in 1927 by the design bureau of Orudiyno-Arsenalny Trest, entering production in 1928 with 18,116 manufactured until 1943. When Operation Bararossa started, the Red Army had some 4,708 in inventory. In 1943, it was replaced in production by the 76 mm regimental gun M1943, and remained in service until the end of the war. The Germans captured many, renamed 7.62 cm Infanteriekanonehaubitze 290(r) as the Finns as 76 RK/27. The best round on offer was the HEAT BP-350M for anti-tank role. It was also used by self propelled trucks (SU-12) and Tanks (SU-26) and many prototypes.